Hartmanís Zebra is endemic to Africa and can be found on
mountainous slopes and plateaus. They have a fragmented
distribution across South Africa, Namibia and some parts
The Johannesburg Zoo has 4 female
Hartman Zebra, they have been together and in the Zoo
for over 8 years. Hartman Zebras have a hierarchy of
dominance amongst the females. The females fight with
each other until the dominance is ascertained. The
dominant female is then allowed to mate with the male.
The Zoo Hartman Zebraís have already determined their
hierarchy of dominance, however, once a male is
introduced, the females will start to determine who is
The Hartman Zebra enclosure has
been strategically placed opposite the Lions enclosure.
The main reason for this is to provide enrichment to the
Lions, they can smell the Zebras and know that they are
Hartmannís mountain zebras live in direct
conflict with livestock farmers, with available grazing
ground becoming particularly scarce in many parts of
Namibia where very little rainfall has occurred for
several years. As a result, more and more Hartmann's
mountain zebras are being culled, both legally and
illegally. Furthermore, due to the regionís poor economy
and scarce resources, poaching for food has increased
rapidly over the last few years, since the zebra offers
a relatively large amount of meat. The situation in
Angola has been exacerbated by war, in which many
soldiers and civilians have been in dire need of meat.
The non-profit organisation Etusis Foundation has
been established in Namibia for the conservation of
Hartmannís Mountain Zebra. The foundation conducts
research on the subspecies, and focuses on educating
farmers and raising public and government awareness
about the plight this subspecies faces.
to the IUCN Red List, the Hartman Zebra is catergorized
as vulnerable, this means they risk becoming extinct in
the medium term.