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Johannesburg Zoo


One of the main focuses of Conservation within the Zoo is the preservation and management of biodiversity, education, research and recreation which we integrate into all aspects of operation with conservation efforts and responsible environmental management in mind.

The Zoo houses 27 endangered species and participates in a number of conservation projects.
Amphibian Conservation Project
The Johannesburg Zoo’s Amphibian Conservation Project aims to successfully keep and breed each species of frog for research.
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Vulture Conservation Project
The Cape Vulture is Southern Africa’s only endemic vulture species and is classified as endangered. The Johannesburg Zoo is involved in the breeding and release programme.
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Wattled Crane Conserveration Project
Wattled Crane is one of five critically endangered birds in South Africa and the most threatened crane species on the African continent. The Wattled Crane Conservation Programme aims to prevent extinction of the Wattled Crane in South Africa by breeding Wattled Cranes in captivity and releasing their offspring into wild flocks.
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Mabula Ground Hornbill Project
Southern Ground Hornbills are considered 'vulnerable' but their numbers are still declining. A detailed analysis of data collected by the Project, show Southern Ground Hornbills in South Africa to be endangered' and probably critically endangered under IUCN Criteria. There are probably only 1500 birds in South Africa, half of which are in the protected areas of the Kruger National Park.
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Indigenous Sheep Breeding Conservation Project
The Zoo participates in a cooperative breeding program in an attempt to increase sheep population.
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Chimpanzee Medical Assistance and Rescue with the Jane Goodall Institute.
The Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) is the closest relative to humans. In recent years the ‘bush-meat’ trade has grown exponentially as the great wild forests of Africa have become more accessible to humans, largely due to logging which is destroying primate habitats by opening large sections of forest with dirt roads. It is estimated that Chimpanzees will be extinct within their natural habitats in as little time as 10 years. Therefore the Jane Goodall Institute is committed to conserving the primates and has created multiple sanctuaries in Africa.
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Bactrian Camels
We are looking into a project relating to the breeding and conservation of Bactrian Camels. Considering the Zoo’s past success with breeding Bactrian Camels and their upgrade to being Critically Endangered by the IUCN we would like to look into the reestablishment of a viable breeding herd.
Why are Zoo's Important
As the world's population continues to increase and wildlife and their habitats disappear, more and more people live in urban centres disconnected from the natural environment.  Please click here for more info.

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