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Hartmans Zebra

The Hartmanís Zebra is endemic to Africa and can be found on mountainous slopes and plateaus. They have a fragmented distribution across South Africa, Namibia and some parts of Angola.

The Johannesburg Zoo has 4 female Hartman Zebra, they have been together and in the Zoo for over 8 years. Hartman Zebras have a hierarchy of dominance amongst the females. The females fight with each other until the dominance is ascertained. The dominant female is then allowed to mate with the male. The Zoo Hartman Zebraís have already determined their hierarchy of dominance, however, once a male is introduced, the females will start to determine who is more dominant.

The Hartman Zebra enclosure has been strategically placed opposite the Lions enclosure. The main reason for this is to provide enrichment to the Lions, they can smell the Zebras and know that they are nearby.

Hartmannís mountain zebras live in direct conflict with livestock farmers, with available grazing ground becoming particularly scarce in many parts of Namibia where very little rainfall has occurred for several years. As a result, more and more Hartmann's mountain zebras are being culled, both legally and illegally. Furthermore, due to the regionís poor economy and scarce resources, poaching for food has increased rapidly over the last few years, since the zebra offers a relatively large amount of meat. The situation in Angola has been exacerbated by war, in which many soldiers and civilians have been in dire need of meat.

The non-profit organisation Etusis Foundation has been established in Namibia for the conservation of Hartmannís Mountain Zebra. The foundation conducts research on the subspecies, and focuses on educating farmers and raising public and government awareness about the plight this subspecies faces.

According to the IUCN Red List, the Hartman Zebra is catergorized as vulnerable, this means they risk becoming extinct in the medium term.

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